ThorCon presentation plant’s security and economics case are being studied by Indonesia Ministry of Energy in combination with Indonesia electric energy PLN. The research study began in January, 2019 and ought to be completed at the end of next month. Recommendations, will be presented to the President of Indonesia.
Ideally, if the President of Indonesia authorizes the job at the end of this year, then by the end of 2024, a 500 MWe molten salt reactor might be connected to the Indonesian power grid and generating industrial power. The very first reactor ought to expense less than $1 billion and a follow-on three billion contract would then see another 3 gigawatts of commercial nuclear power by about 2030.
The ThorCon reactors are designed to be built utilizing shipyard manufacturing innovation by designers who have actually constructed modular ships at shipyards. They will usage standard and low-cost thermal generators utilized at coal plants.
The systems have passive quadruple and triple redundant safety systems.
2020-2025 – Phase 1 is to develop and test it with step by step commissioning, ending in a type license for future power plants.
2026-2030 – Phase 2 is shipyard production of ThorCon plants to provide an extra 3 GW of low-cost, reliable electrical power.
ThorCon avoids 3 expensive LWR concerns: low temperature, high pressure, solid fuel.
• Thanks to high temperature, ThorCon uses the exact same, competitively-sourced, $500/kW supercritical steam turbine generator as a modern-day coal plant.
• Thanks to low pressure, ThorCon avoids reinforced concrete mausoleum and 9- inch-thick forgings.
• Thanks to liquid fuel, ThorCon can relocation fuel around with a pump. No exacting fuel pin fabrication. No complex reshuffling refueling systems.
Design. Much of the design phase has actually been finished, computationally modeled, expressed in 2 D illustrations and 3 D CAD models, and shared with potential suppliers. Suppliers’ cost estimates for future production variations are compatible with company approximates of electricity production expenses of 3 cents/kWh prior to revenues and federal government charges.
Pre-fission building and construction. The company will construct a pre-fission test center (PTF) at full scale, consisting of the elements of the fission island and the thermal power conversion chain. The fuel salt will not contain enriched uranium and will not sustain a chain response to generate power. The components will be brought up to operating temperature levels using electric heating. The absence of radioactivity enables invasive instrumentation, direct observation, and internal access to parts.
Pre-fission testing. Substantial screening will include operating pumps at full temperature levels and pressures, freeze valve drains pipes to drain tanks, actuation of shutdown rods, and instrumentation. Engineers will measure thermal growth, confirm heat transfer rates, confirm thermal hydraulics characteristics, test sensing units, transfer molten salts in between the Pot and fuel casks. System responses to simulated failures will be monitored carefully.
ThorCon plans to make offshore 500- MWe thorium molten salt reactor built inside a ship’s hull. It will provide power from rivers and seaside areas. The ThorCon pot will operate at garden pipe pressures of 3 times atmospheric pressure. It has one moving part—the pump impeller and utilizes a four-loop steam cycle with 45% effectiveness.
Summary of ThorCon economic advantages
Liquid fuel: simple fuel handling, higher temperature level effectiveness, no cladding.
ORNL R&D. ORNL constructed two MSRs then created MSDR guiding ThorCon.
No new technology: commercially offered, budget friendly materials.
Shipyard building: minimizes expense, controls quality, scales to make 100 GW of power plants per year.
Small modular reactor: 250 MWe module has economy of scale and streamlines security.
Molten salt reactor ran from 1965 to 1969 at US O ak Ridge National Laboratory
Full-scale prototype: No scale-up surprises or delays; only design once.
Maintenance by replacement: CanShip moves Can and fuel to recycling centers.
Thorium: cuts uranium consumption, improves proliferation resistance.
Step by action commissioning: Indonesia will develop last regulations as prototype is tested.
Complete power plant style: not simply another fission reactor concept.
SOURCES- ThorCon, Youtube
Written By Brian Wang, Nextbigfuture.com