New solar-powered hydrogen technology from Japan – pv magazine Germany
In addition, two large Russian companies have announced plans to produce hydrogen, and the Portuguese utility EDP has announced that it is setting up a pilot project for a green hydrogen plant in Brazil.
September 3, 2021
Japan’s New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) and the Artificial Photosynthesis Chemical Process Technology Research Association (ARPChem) are working with the University of Tokyo, Fujifilm, Toto, Mitsubishi Chemical, Shinshu University and Meiji University to implement artificial photosynthetic systems. “Developed and demonstrated worldwide for the first time: a photocatalytic panel reaction system that combines a photocatalytic photocatalytic water decomposition panel reactor in two scales and a hydrogen / oxygen gas separation module. The test was successful, ”said a statement published by NEDO last week. In August 2019, the partners started a demonstration test of a photocatalytic panel reaction system under natural sunlight outdoors and separated high-purity solar hydrogen from a mixed gas of hydrogen and oxygen, which is produced by the decomposition of water. The research results were published last week in the online version of the journal nature. “As an extension of our earlier demonstration of a 1 m2 plate reactor system based on a modified, aluminum-doped strontium titanate particle photocatalyst, we are reporting here on the safe operation of a 100 m2 plate reactor system for several months with autonomous recovery of hydrogen from the humid gas product mixture with a commercially available product mixture Polyimide membrane, ”says the paper. “The system, optimized for safety and longevity, which remains undamaged when recovered hydrogen is intentionally ignited, achieves a maximum STH of 0.76%.” The researchers said that hydrogen production is overall inefficient and energy negative, but that their results show that a safe, large-area photocatalytic splitting of water, gas collection and a separation system are possible. “In order to make the technology economically and practically usable, the reactor and process optimization are essential next steps to significantly reduce costs and improve the efficiency of solar to hydrogen (STH), the stability of the photocatalyst and the efficiency of gas separation” they continued.
Novatek, Russia’s second largest natural gas producer, signed a strategic cooperation agreement on low-carbon projects with the Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC). “The parties intend to cooperate on hydrogen and ammonia production projects, carbon capture, use and storage technologies, and renewable energy projects in Russia, including ammonia and hydrogen production projects in the Yamal Peninsula,” it said in one notice published on Thursday. Founded in 1994, Novatek entered the global LNG market with its Yamal project in 2017. “We are actively exploring options to further reduce our current low carbon footprint from Novtaek’s LNG production by using renewable energy sources, carbon capture and storage, and hydrogen-based fuels in our LNG projects,” said the Chairman of Novatek, Leonid Mikhelson, during the Eastern Economic Forum in Vladivostok. “This strategic collaboration agreement gives us the opportunity to work with Japanese companies and financial institutions to develop our low-carbon solutions, attract investment, and expand our range of state-of-the-art equipment and technology providers.” The energy sector played a prominent role at the forum. Japanese Industry Minister Hiroshi Kajiyama also signed an agreement with Russian Energy Minister Nikolai Shulginov to collaborate on hydrogen and ammonia production. “It is also extremely important that we use all the reserves that are available to us in this country,” said Russian Deputy Energy Minister Pavel Sorokin on Thursday. Hydrogen is under the radar of the entire Russian energy sector.
Rusatom, a subsidiary of Russian state nuclear power company Rosatom, plans to launch its hydrogen cluster in the Sakhalin region in the next few years. “Our current plans are to produce 30,000 tons of hydrogen per year by 2024,” said Anton Moskvin, Rusatom’s vice president of overseas marketing and business development, during the forum, which aims to enhance relations with China, Japan and Strengthen South Korea and Vietnam.
The governor of the Brazilian state of Ceará, Camilo Santana, and the board of directors of EDP Brazil, a unit of Portuguese provider EDP, announced a pilot project for a green hydrogen plant in the port of Pecém with a production capacity of 250 Nm3 / h gas. “Operations should begin in December 2022 and attract a total investment of R $ 41.9 million,” said a statement published on Wednesday. According to the government of Ceará, the project will be the first green hydrogen plant in the country. “The plant installed in the Pecém Industrial and Port Complex (CIPP) will be the first of the group with a capacity of 3 MW and a state-of-the-art electrolyser module for the production of fuels of guaranteed renewable origin,” said the government of the northeastern state on the Atlantic coast. EDP boss João Marques da Cruz added that the project is also aimed at the international market. The project includes research into the production chain and business models of green hydrogen. Most of the projects announced in Brazil are expected to go into operation in 2024/2025 for the time being.
US construction machinery giant Caterpillar announced that from the end of 2021 it will offer generator sets that can run on 100% hydrogen, including fully renewable green hydrogen, on a contract basis with up to 25% hydrogen mixed natural gas, “the company said on Wednesday. The world’s leading maker of construction and mining equipment said some of its gas turbine generator sets have run on high hydrogen blends for decades and can already run on 100% hydrogen.
American manufacturer of zero-emission vehicles Nikola and the German-based industrial group Bosch Group have signed agreements on the use of fuel cell power modules with technology licensed from Bosch for Nikola. The focus is on Nikola Class 7 and 8 Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEV). “Under the terms of the agreement, Bosch will supply Nikola with both fully assembled fuel cell power modules and key components, including the fuel cell stack, for Nikola to use in its production facility in Coolidge, Arizona. The parties will work together on the procurement of the remaining components for the assemblies, ”said the note released on Thursday. The fuel cell power modules are expected to hit the market in 2023, with the first application being the Regional Transport Class 8 Nikola Tre FCEV. The vehicles are to use common fuel cell power modules in 200 kW and 300 kW configuration. “The Nikola Tre FCEV is also being introduced in the EU and uses the same fuel cell power modules that support vehicle manufacturing that is planned in Nikola’s joint venture with Iveco in Ulm, Germany.”
The German Aerospace Center (DLR) has teamed up with the Cologne engine manufacturer Deutz to develop new hydrogen-based solutions for off-highway vehicles. The parties signed the deal for the production of equipment and agricultural machinery last week. “The aim is to accelerate progress in the implementation of hydrogen drives for the off-highway segment. To do this, we will bundle our know-how and our R&D competencies, ”says Markus Müller, Chief Technology Officer at Deutz.
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