UPSC Static Quiz – 2020: IASbaba’s Daily Static Quiz – SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY [Day 50]

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DAILY STATIC QUIZ will cover all the topics of Static/Core subjectsPolity, History, Geography, Economics, Environment and Science and technology.

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UPSC Static Quiz – 2020: IASbaba’s Daily Static Quiz – SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY [Day 50]

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  1. Question 1 of 10


    1. Question

    Consider the following statements regarding ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor):

    1. ITER is a large-scale scientific experiment intended to prove the viability of fission as an energy source.
    2. India is also one of the partner countries in building this reactor.

    Which of the statements given above is/are NOT CORRECT?


    Correct

    Solution (a) 

    ITER is a large-scale scientific experiment intended to prove the viability of fusion as an energy source.

    Hence Statement 1 is incorrect. 

    ITER is currently under construction in the south of France. In an unprecedented international effort, seven partners—China, the European Union, India, Japan, Korea, Russia and the United States—have pooled their financial and scientific resources to build the biggest fusion reactor in history.

    Hence Statement 2 is correct.


    Incorrect

    Solution (a) 

    ITER is a large-scale scientific experiment intended to prove the viability of fusion as an energy source.

    Hence Statement 1 is incorrect. 

    ITER is currently under construction in the south of France. In an unprecedented international effort, seven partners—China, the European Union, India, Japan, Korea, Russia and the United States—have pooled their financial and scientific resources to build the biggest fusion reactor in history.

    Hence Statement 2 is correct.

  2. Question 2 of 10


    2. Question

    Consider the following statements:

    1. In Nuclear fission, the nucleus of a heavy atom is bombarded with low-energy neutrons.
    2. Nuclear fission reactions are the source of energy in the Sun.

    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


    Correct

    Solution (a)

    In Nuclear fission, the nucleus of a heavy atom (such as uranium, plutonium or thorium), when bombarded with low-energy neutrons, can be split apart into lighter nuclei

    Hence Statement 1 is correct.

    Nuclear fusion reactions are the source of energy in the Sun and other stars.

    Hence Statement 2 is incorrect.


    Incorrect

    Solution (a)

    In Nuclear fission, the nucleus of a heavy atom (such as uranium, plutonium or thorium), when bombarded with low-energy neutrons, can be split apart into lighter nuclei

    Hence Statement 1 is correct.

    Nuclear fusion reactions are the source of energy in the Sun and other stars.

    Hence Statement 2 is incorrect.

  3. Question 3 of 10


    3. Question

    Consider the following statements:

    1. The hydrogen bomb is based on thermonuclear fusion reaction.
    2. A nuclear bomb based on the nuclear fusion of uranium or plutonium is placed at the core of the hydrogen bomb.

    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


    Correct

    Solution (a)

    The hydrogen bomb is based on thermonuclear fusion reaction.

    Hence Statement 1 is correct.

    A nuclear bomb based on the fission of uranium or plutonium is placed at the core of the hydrogen bomb.

    Hence Statement 2 is incorrect.


    Incorrect

    Solution (a)

    The hydrogen bomb is based on thermonuclear fusion reaction.

    Hence Statement 1 is correct.

    A nuclear bomb based on the fission of uranium or plutonium is placed at the core of the hydrogen bomb.

    Hence Statement 2 is incorrect.

  4. Question 4 of 10


    4. Question

    Consider the following statements:

    1. Uranium ore mined in India are of very low grade as compared to those available in other countries.
    2. Uranium Corporation of India Limited is a Public Sector Enterprise under the Ministry of Mines.

    Which of the statements given above is/are NOT CORRECT?


    Correct

    Solution (b)

    Uranium ore mined in India are of very low grade as compared to those available in other countries.

    Hence Statement 1 is correct. 

    Uranium Corporation of India Limited is a Public Sector Enterprise under the Department of Atomic Energy.

    Hence Statement 2 is incorrect.


    Incorrect

    Solution (b)

    Uranium ore mined in India are of very low grade as compared to those available in other countries.

    Hence Statement 1 is correct. 

    Uranium Corporation of India Limited is a Public Sector Enterprise under the Department of Atomic Energy.

    Hence Statement 2 is incorrect.

  5. Question 5 of 10


    5. Question

    Consider the following statements:

    1. Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) is a Public Sector Enterprise under the administrative control of the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE).
    2. NPCIL is responsible for design, construction, commissioning and operation of nuclear power reactors.

    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


    Correct

    Solution (c)

    Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) is a Public Sector Enterprise under the administrative control of the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), Government of India.

    Hence Statement 1 is correct.

    NPCIL is responsible for design, construction, commissioning and operation of nuclear power reactors.

    Hence Statement 2 is correct.


    Incorrect

    Solution (c)

    Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) is a Public Sector Enterprise under the administrative control of the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), Government of India.

    Hence Statement 1 is correct.

    NPCIL is responsible for design, construction, commissioning and operation of nuclear power reactors.

    Hence Statement 2 is correct.

  6. Question 6 of 10


    6. Question

    Which of the following is/are the applications of biotechnology:

    1. Therapeutics and Diagnostics
    2. Genetically modified crops for agriculture
    3. Bioremediation and waste treatment
    4. Energy production

    Choose the correct answers using the codes given below.


    Correct

    Solution (d)

    The applications of biotechnology include therapeutics, diagnostics, genetically modified crops for agriculture, processed food, bioremediation, waste treatment, and energy production.


    Incorrect

    Solution (d)

    The applications of biotechnology include therapeutics, diagnostics, genetically modified crops for agriculture, processed food, bioremediation, waste treatment, and energy production.

  7. Question 7 of 10


    7. Question

    Consider the following statement about induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC).

    1. They are derived from embryonic stem cells.
    2. The tissues derived from these iPSC can avoid rejection by the immune system.

    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


    Correct

    Solution (b)

    Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) produced by genetically manipulating human skin cells to produce embryonic-like stem cells that are capable of forming any cell types of the body.

    Hence Statement 1 is incorrect.

    Tissues derived from iPSCs will be a nearly identical match to the cell donor and thus probably avoid rejection by the immune system.

    Hence Statement 2 is correct.


    Incorrect

    Solution (b)

    Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) produced by genetically manipulating human skin cells to produce embryonic-like stem cells that are capable of forming any cell types of the body.

    Hence Statement 1 is incorrect.

    Tissues derived from iPSCs will be a nearly identical match to the cell donor and thus probably avoid rejection by the immune system.

    Hence Statement 2 is correct.

  8. Question 8 of 10


    8. Question

    Which of the following reasons make Escherichia coli suitable for gene cloning?

    1. The E. coli genome was the first to be completely sequenced
    2. It grows slowly for days and gives a stable condition for observation
    3. E. coli is naturally found in the intestinal tracts of humans and animals

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:


    Correct

    Solution (c) 

    The E. coli genome was the first to be completely sequenced

    Hence Statement 1 is correct.

    Under ideal conditions, E. coli cells can double in number after only 20 minutes.

    Hence Statement 2 is incorrect.

    E. coli is naturally found in the intestinal tracts of humans and animals

    Hence Statement 3 is correct.


    Incorrect

    Solution (c) 

    The E. coli genome was the first to be completely sequenced

    Hence Statement 1 is correct.

    Under ideal conditions, E. coli cells can double in number after only 20 minutes.

    Hence Statement 2 is incorrect.

    E. coli is naturally found in the intestinal tracts of humans and animals

    Hence Statement 3 is correct.

  9. Question 9 of 10


    9. Question

    Consider the following statements with regard to Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB)

    1. AERB is engaged in the development of nuclear power technology, applications of radiation technologies in the fields of agriculture, medicine, industry, and basic research.
    2. The regulatory authority of AERB is derived from the rules and notifications promulgated under the Atomic Energy Act and the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
    3. The AERB reports to the Atomic Energy Commission.

    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


    Correct

    Solution (c)

    Department of Atomic Energy (not AERB), established in 1954 is engaged in the development of nuclear power technology, applications of radiation technologies in the fields of agriculture, medicine, industry, and basic research.

    Hence Statement 1 is incorrect.

    The regulatory authority of AERB is derived from the rules and notifications promulgated under the Atomic Energy Act and the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.

    Hence Statement 2 is correct.

    The AERB reports to the Atomic Energy Commission, which is a high level policy making body for the all atomic energy matters in the country.

    Hence Statement 3 is correct.


    Incorrect

    Solution (c)

    Department of Atomic Energy (not AERB), established in 1954 is engaged in the development of nuclear power technology, applications of radiation technologies in the fields of agriculture, medicine, industry, and basic research.

    Hence Statement 1 is incorrect.

    The regulatory authority of AERB is derived from the rules and notifications promulgated under the Atomic Energy Act and the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.

    Hence Statement 2 is correct.

    The AERB reports to the Atomic Energy Commission, which is a high level policy making body for the all atomic energy matters in the country.

    Hence Statement 3 is correct.

  10. Question 10 of 10


    10. Question

    Consider the below statement with regard to human genome sequencing:

    1. India is among the league of countries who have demonstrated the capability of mapping all the genes of a human.
    2. The world’s first human genome sequence was completed in 2003 by the International Human Genome Project, to which Indian scientists had also contributed.

    Which of the statements given above is/are NOT CORRECT?


    Correct

    Solution (b)

    India is among the league of countries who have demonstrated the capability of mapping all the genes of a human.

    Hence Statement 1 is correct.

    The world’s first human genome sequence was completed in 2003 by the International Human Genome Project with scientists from the US, UK, France, Germany, Japan and China. 

    Hence Statement 2 is incorrect.


    Incorrect

    Solution (b)

    India is among the league of countries who have demonstrated the capability of mapping all the genes of a human.

    Hence Statement 1 is correct.

    The world’s first human genome sequence was completed in 2003 by the International Human Genome Project with scientists from the US, UK, France, Germany, Japan and China. 

    Hence Statement 2 is incorrect.